Displaced Scholars

Geiringer – Günther

78.) Geiringer, Karl (1940-1941, 1944) Boston College / Musicology

 Karl Geiringer (1899-1989), Professor of Music, UC Santa Barbara, “…a leading figure in musicology since the 1930’s…”

“Karl Geiringer (1899-1989) was a musicologist, educator, and biographer of composers. He was educated in Vienna but at the beginning of the Nazi years he emigrated to England and ultimately the United States, where he had a lengthy and distinguished career at several universities. He was a noted authority on Brahms, Haydn, and the Bach family, and a prolific author. He died in 1989 at the age of 89. / Geiringer was born in Vienna on April 26, 1899, the son of Louis and Martha (nee Wertheimer) Geiringer. He studied music history at the University of Vienna under Guido Adler and Curt Sachs, and studied composition under Hans Gál. He also, etc. / In 1938, Austria was incorporated into Nazi Germany in the Anschluss. With the Nazi occupation, the Gesellschaft was closed. Geiringer, although he considered himself a Roman Catholic, was the child of Jewish parents; hence he and his family were in grave danger, and they fled the country. He first went to London, where he taught at the Royal Conservatory of Music and served as a broadcaster for the BBC. He also worked extensively as an editor for the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians; according to his later colleagues he was “in all but name a co-editor”. / In 1940, Geiringer moved to America., becoming an American citizen in 1945. He taught first for a year as a visiting professor at Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y. The following year he took up a professorial appointment at Boston University, where he directed the graduate program and remained for 21 years. Among his students was H. C. Robbins Landon. His final academic appointment began in 1962, when he moved to the University of California at Santa Barbara, in order to establish the graduate program in musicology. Throughout this time, he continued to publish extensively. / In 1973 he became an emeritus professor, but continued to be very active: his colleagues said of him, “His ‘retirement’ … proved to be more of a technicality than a reality–his teaching and research continued unabatedly and were interrupted only by death itself.” He died of complications from injuries sustained in a fall on January 10, 1989 in Santa Barbara, etc.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Geiringer


79.) Gerhard, Melitta (1934-1944) 906 w. Broadway, Columbia, No. / Literature

Melitta Gerhard (b. 1891, Berlin – d. 1981, Cambridge, Massachussetts) / “Gerhard emigrierte [ca. 1933] daraufhin in die USA. Dort lehrte sie anfangs als Gastprofessorin am Wellesley College, Massachusetts. Nach ihrer endgültigen Übersiedlung in die USA 1937 (gemeinsam mit Mutter und Bruder) bestritt sie ihren Lebensunterhalt mit Deutschunterricht für Soldaten in St. Louis. Von 1938 bis 1942 lehrte sie am Rockford College in Illinois, dann für zwei Jahre an der University of Missouri, Columbia. Ab 1946 war Gerhard bis zu ihrer Emeritierung Professorin am Wittenberg College in Springfield, Ohio. / 1965 wurde ihr im Rahmen der 300-Jahr-Feier der Universität Kiel die Ehrendoktorwürde verliehen.” http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melitta_Gerhard

“Equally accomplished , but less fortunate than their Austrian colleague, were Melitta Gerhard, the daughter of exiled writer Adele Gerhard, and Edda Tille-Hankamer, the wife of Goethe expert Paul Hankamer…” http://books.google.com/books?id=qQ0gRndzJI8C&pg=PA111&lpg=PA111&dq=Wellesley+College+offered+her+a+job+and+an+immigrant+visa.+Equally&source=bl&ots=kgWwU1GSS6&sig=1T73VCoua-Wbmxq9dcFuTc6D2R4&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Wellesley%20College%20offered%20her%20a%20job%20and%20an%20immigrant%20visa.%20Equally&f=false / “Melitta Gerhard, the pioneering scholar of the Entwicklungsroman and Bildungsroman, saw in Agathon the first example of the modern Entwicklungsroman ( 118-19) …” http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_7067/is_1_81/ai_n28521612/ 

Female, Jewish, and educated: the lives of Central European … “… associate professor of German philology at the University of Hamburg; Charlotte Krause, … Melitta Gerhard, a lecturer in German literature at Kiel; …” books.google.com/books?id=HTy5GsUWgO0C&pg=PA239&lpg=PA239&dq=Melitta+Gerhard,+Lecturer+in+German&source=bl&ots=oh1hvaHFyx&sig=Ob0ewrwMFvY0NwIkcAhy_TFvnCs&hl=en / Second chance: two centuries of German-speaking Jews in the United … “Most grotesque perhaps was the case of Melitta Gerhard, an acknowledged expert on Schiller and, as a lecturer in Kiel, apparently the first woman to hold a …” books.google.com/books?id=a-6WlsDsuo8C&pg=PA141&lpg=PA141&dq=Melitta+Gerhard,+Lecturer+in+German&source=bl&ots=QlQDZOLk0G&sig=vz4WSe0WXENyqTYoQ5gnJHrOsqk&hl=en


80.) Gilbert, Felix (1933-1944) Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton / History

Felix Gilbert (1905-1991) wrote ‘histories’ of early modern and modern Europe…’renaissance & diplomacy’, were said to be his ‘expertise’. / “Gilbert, as a recent emigrant from Germany, became an assistant to Edward Mead Earle at the Institute of Advanced Study in 1937… / “…his mother was not only descended from the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, but was also connected with the Oppenheim banking family. / “Similarly, his service with the Central European Section of the Research and Analysis Branch of the Office of Strategic Services from 1943 to 1945, which took him to Washington, London, and Wiesbaden, was by no means a lacuna in his scholarly development, for it reinforced his interest in contemporary military and international history.” http://www.ghi-dc.org/publications/ghipubs/op/op06.pdf

Felix Gilbert (1905Europe. Gilbert was born in Baden-Baden, Germany to a middle class Jewish family. In the later half of the 1920s, Gilbert studied under Friedrich Meinecke at the University of Berlin. Gilbert’s area of expertise was the Renaissance, especially the diplomatic history of the period. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Gilbert


81.) Glanz, Rudolf (1943-1945) Yiddish Scientific Inst. (NYC) / Law

Rudolf Glanz wrote extensively (and exclusively) about the “Jewish experience in America” — 666 books, it seems, at least – all with “Jew”-something-or-other’ in the title.

A series of books on Jewish and other “group relations” (i.e., ‘Jewish and Mormon group relations’; ‘Jewish and Italian group relations’, etc.)…”The Jew in early American wit and graphic humor”; “The Jews of California”, “Jews in the Sandwich Islands”, ‘The Jews in American Alaska”, “Notes on the Early Jews in Arizona,”; “The Jewish woman in America, etc.”; “The Jew in the Old American Folklore (New York, 1961)”, “Jews in Relation to the Cultural Media of the …” “Studies in Judaica Americana (New York, 1970)”, “The Rise of the Jewish Club”; The German Jew in America”, “The Jews of Chicago: From Shtetl to Suburb”; “essays: ‘The “Bayer” and the “Pollack” in America'”…just to cite about a dozen.


82.) Gödel, Kurt (1940-1944) Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton / Mathematics

 Kurt Friedrich Gödel (1906-1978).

Kurt Gödel Papers http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/getEad?eadid=C0282&kw=History%20of%20science / Kurt Friedrich Gödel was born April 28, 1906, in Brünn, Moravia, and died January 14, 1978, in Princeton, New Jersey. His life may be divided into three periods, corresponding both to his place of residence and to the nature of his intellectual endeavors.

Gödel’s childhood and youth were spent in Brünn, where his father worked as a manager of a textile factory. He attended German-language primary and secondary schools, graduating with honors in 1924. After graduation he enrolled at the University of Vienna, where he joined his brother Rudolf (born 1902). Gödel remained at the University of Vienna, first as student and later as Privatdozent (an unpaid lecturer), until his emigration to America in 1940. He became an Austrian citizen in 1929. Later that year, in his doctoral dissertation, Gödel established the completeness of the first-order predicate calculus, a work that marked the beginning of a decade of fundamental contributions to mathematical logic, including especially his proofs of the incompleteness of formal number theory (1930, published 1931) and of the relative consistency of the axiom of choice and the generalized continuum hypothesis (1935 and 1937, published 1938-1940). His residence in Vienna was interrupted by three trips to the United States, where he visited the Institute for Advanced Study (1933-1934, Autumn 1935, and Autumn 1938) and the University of Notre Dame (Spring 1939). He married Adele Nimbursky (née Porkert) in Vienna, September 20, 1938.

In January 1940, fearing conscription into the Nazi army, Gödel left Europe with his wife via the trans-Siberian railway. Arriving in San Francisco on March 4, 1940, the Gödels settled in Princeton, where he resumed his membership in the Institute for Advanced Study. He became a permanent member in 1946, a U.S. citizen in 1948, professor at the Institute in 1953, and professor emeritus in 1976. At the Institute, Gödel’s interests turned to philosophy and physics. He studied the works of Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz in detail and, to a lesser extent, those of Immanuel Kant and Edmund Husserl. In the late 1940s he demonstrated the existence of paradoxical solutions to Albert Einstein’s field equations in general relativity. His last published paper appeared in 1958. He shared the first Einstein Award in 1951 and was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1975. He also received honorary doctorates from Yale, Harvard, and Rockefeller universities, and from Amherst College.

Description / The Papers of Kurt Gödel include documents spanning the years 1905-1980, with the bulk of the material falling between 1930 and 1970. Of greatest extent and significance are Gödel’s scientific correspondence (Series I), his notebooks (Series III), and numerous drafts, manuscripts, and galleys of his articles and lectures, published and unpublished (Series IV). etc. / Although gathered together in some haste and disarray following Gödel’s death, most of the items were found in envelopes labeled by Gödel himself; on that basis, an attempt has been made to retain or, where necessary, restore Gödel’s original order. / …includes earlier items from such correspondents as Paul Bernays, Rudolf Carnap, Jacques Herbrand, Arend Heyting, Karl Menger, Emil Post, Oswald Veblen, John von Neumann, and Ernst Zermelo. Other major correspondents include William Boone, Paul J. Cohen, Georg Kreisel, Oskar Morgenstern, Abraham Robinson, Paul A. Schilpp, Dana Scott, Gaisi Takeuti, and Hao Wang…”

Max Dehn, Kurt Gödel, and the Trans-Siberian Escape Route – by John W. Dawson Jr. http://www.ams.org/notices/200209/fea-dawson.pdf 


83.) Goldmann, Franz (1937, 1940-1944) Yale School of Medicine / Public Health

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR / To Franz Goldmann / The death of Franz Goldmann at the age of 74 on March 4, 1970, brings to an end a distinguished and dedicated career in public health which began in the early 1920s in Berlin, Germany, and continued from 1937 to 1947 at the Yale Department of Public Health, and from 1947 to 1958 at the Harvard School of Public Health. Following his retirement from Harvard in 1958, Dr. Goldmann continued to be active as a consultant, seminar leader, and lecturer until a few months before his death. / A contact with Franz Goldmann, whether in a lecture, an informal seminar, or a personal conversation, was indeed a rare experience. One immediately became impressed with the clarity of his thinking, his understanding of social forces, and his determined efforts to share his knowledge so that his students, colleagues, and friends would gain understanding of the evolutionary course that he envisioned for the continuing organization of medical services in the United States. / As a teacher he was constantly thinking, and wishing to act, not in the moment at hand, but at the moment ahead-when we, his students and younger colleagues, would be the planners, leaders, and doers. This power to project himself beyond the confines of the here and now-and into the future-was one of his great attributes. His two books, Voluntary Medical Care Insurance in the United States (1948) and Public Medical Care (1945), and more than one hundred articles, classics in the field of medical care, presented in a variety of ways his deep-seated conviction that the health of every individual must be a matter of major social concern and responsibility. / He maintained that one of the obligations implied in a democratic society was the provision of the highest calibre medical care for all groups of the population without discrimination as to race, color or economic status. Franz Goldmann was always a bit impatient with himself. His understanding of the role of social and political forces in the organization of medical care made it easy for him to envision mistakes in planning which others were unable to comprehend. He felt it his personal responsibility to guide America in the right direction and to try to avoid the errors that appeared so obvious to him. / Franz Goldmann’s faith and hope in his students is characteristically inscribed on the fly leaf of a copy of Voluntary Medical Care Insurance in the United States, which he presented in 1948 to the late Richard Weinerman (at that time, a student at the Harvard School of Public Health). It reads: “To Dr. R. Weinerman: With best wishes for his future.  … Bear in mind, your labor is for future hours. Advance! Spare not.” Here in his bold handwriting, Franz Goldmann expresses confidence that his students would work to create the world he so fervently desired. The responsibility for fulfilling his hopes lies in our hands. –Morris A. WESSEL, M.D. 878 Howard Avenue New Haven, Conn. 06511 http://www.jstor.org/pss/3762771

Nursing Service in Homes for the Aged FRANZ GOLDMANN, M.D. / Benefits of the German sickness insurance system by Franz Goldmann. ( International Labour Office, 1928). / Name Franz GOLDMANN * Birth 1904 * Death 1968 * Spouses Marianne BODLAENDER Birth 1907, Neustadt, Germany * Death Apr 2005, Israel * Father Max BODLAENDER (1863-1932) Mother Dora MODRZE (1872-1936) Children Annette (1932-) http://genealogy.metastudies.net/PS06/PS06_304.HTM


84.) Grünebaum, Gustave Edmund von (1938-1944) U of Chicago / Oriental Philology

Gustave Edmund von Grunebaum (1909 in Vienna Austria1972 in Los Angeles USA), born Gustav Edmund Ritter von Grünebaum was an Austrian historian and arabist. / Gustave had a Ph.D. in Oriental studies at the University of Vienna. When Nazi Germany absorbed Austria in the Anschluss of 1938 he opted for the United States where he got a position at the Asia Institute in New York under Arthur Upham Pope. In 1943 he went on to University of California, and was made professor of Arabic in 1949. In 1957 he became professor of Near Eastern History and directory of a new department called Near Eastern Center. / Gustave was married to Giselle Steuerman. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_E._von_Grunebaum


85.) Guenther, Wolfgang (1935-1940, 1943) ???? / Philosophy

“Nula Horo’s ( Wolfgang Guenther) invitation to join his Interculturality Esperanto Project. …” heebeejeebeeland.blogspot.com/ Wolfgang Guenther, UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA (CANADA) [?]


86.) Gumbel, Emil Julius (1933-1934, 1939-1944) ??????? / Statistics

 Emil Julius Gumbel (18911966 in NY), was a German mathematician and political writer…leftist intellectual, “pacifist”, socialist, and scholar / His admiration for the Soviet Union was stoked by a year-long sabbatical in Moscow (1925-1926), which he spent editing the mathematical notes of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. / Albert Einstein, who wrote many letters of reference for Gumbel, heaped praise on his beleaguered friend / Once in New York, Gumbel joined many fellow refugee scholars who had been hired temporarily by the New School for Social Research. / He put his political experience to use by writing reports in 1944-1945 on the origins and development of the Nazi party and on Nazi influence in various European countries [microfilm section C.] for the U.S. Government’s Office of Strategic Services. / Arthur Brenner Leo Baeck Institute * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Julius_Gumbel

Excerpt below from THE EMIL J. GUMBEL COLLECTION Political Papers of an Anti-Nazi Scholar in Weimar and Exile, 1914-1966 http://www.lexisnexis.com/documents/academic/upa_cis/11130_EmilJ.Gumbel.pdf

“The period of political and socio-economic crisis, which marked the decline of the Weimar Republic considerably affected the academic and social climate in several universities. The Nazis exploited the yearning for “national revival” (Nationalerhebung) to stir up social and political unrest, focusing primarily on the “Jewish Question.” At Heidelberg the event which exemplified this development was the Gumbel Affair (Fall Gumbel), which rocked the University for two years and created a tense, antisemitic atmosphere, which was aggravated by similar “cases” in other universities, such as those of Hans Nawiski, Theodor Lessing, Ernst Cohen and several others.

Emil Gumbel, who was of Jewish origin, was a Socialist and pacifist who openly expressed his convictions. In the summer of 1930, as a result of his scholarly achievements in the field of statistics, he was promoted by the Baden Minister of Education to the position of “extraordinary associate professor.” The radical nationalists among the students at Heidelberg, several nationalist professors, as well as the nationalistic parties and press vehemently opposed his appointment, claiming that it was unconstitutional. The Nazi and the nationalistic factions in the Student Union, as well as the right-wing political parties in Baden, attempted to turn this controversy into a political and ideological crisis, thus challenging a traditionally sacred principle of German academia – the complete separation of the State from academic affairs. These (developments proved the vulnerability of German scholars to the violence generated by the adherents of an anti-intellectual ideology. Finally, not only Gumbel’s appointment but also his career at Heidelberg was terminated.

On November 7, 1930, at one of the first rallies against Gumbel, Dr. Vogel, a member of the Heidelberg Nazi Party, described Gumbel as a traitor to the German people who, being a Jew, infected the “historical Spirit” of the university. The next protest rally was intended to lay the groundwork for the struggle of the nationalist Student Union in order to purify the university.’ “The Affair” had political implications during the presidential election campaign of 1932, when 32 members of the university’s teaching staff issued a call, in the pages of the local liberal newspaper, Das Heidelberger Tageblatt, to vote for Hindenburg. The Nazi newspaper, Die Volksgemeinschaft, in a malevolent attack, named Hindenburg’s acclaimers as “Gumbel’s supporters” and identified them as “Rabbi Pinkus’s men.”

These examples are indicative of the virulent verbal attacks levelled against Jews. Jewish students were also subjected to physical violence at the height of the street demonstrations These manifestations of anti-Jewish animosity at Heidelburg cannot be separated from the general pressure exerted by the Nazis throughout the Reich prior to their rise to power. Moreover, Fall Gumbel was not an isolated case. For its provocateurs it was a means of achieving political and ideological ends. As far as its victims, professors and students alike, are concerned, it was a clearly sounded warning, which exposed the vulnerability of the university.

Only a few very distinguished professors, including Karl Barth, Albert Einstein, Toenis, Emil Lederer, and Gustav Radbruch – the last two were from Heidelberg – protested against the introduction of political considerations into the controversy and its racist overtones. / Official steps against Jewish scholars were first taken a few weeks after the March 1933 election. Events proceeded in accordance, etc.”


87.) Gundersheimer, Herman Samuel (1933-1935, 1940-1945) Temple U. / History of Art

Herman Samuel Gundersheimer was born in Wurzburg, Germany in 1903. Director of Rothschild museum in Frankfurt au Main. Immigrated to US in 1940…

“Herman Samuel Gundersheimer, art historian, father of Werner Leonard, was born in Wurzburg, Germany in 1903. He studied art history and earned a Ph. …” —Bibliophiles and bibliothieves: the search for the Hildebrandslied and the … By Opritsa D. Popa http://books.google.com/books?id=BE9KlEiG8skC&pg=PA230&lpg=PA230&dq=Herman+Samuel+Gundersheimer&source=bl&ots=QQQCpgiaNa&sig=slgsoq7svwgyD7yvdI3yoIY18q8&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Herman%20Samuel%20Gundersheimer&f=false

Central European Jews in America, 1840-1880: migration and advancement “… nineteen ) , Jennie Gundersheimer ( Henry, twenty-four, and Samuel, eighteen j, … in 1880 Henry Straus, Leo Straus, Saul Herman, Aaron Harmon, …” books.google.com/books?id=SXk8CLnfAr0C&pg=RA3-PA444&lpg=RA3-PA444&dq=Herman+Samuel+Gundersheimer&source=bl&ots=hn06DmnXNP&sig=bIJpeP1fzw6klgqHfxF4pfux6XA&hl=en Chapter 3: Countdown to Surrender “Herman Samuel Gundersheimer, curator of the Rothschild Museum, watched as his priceless collections were vandalized. 13. The museum displayed …” http://www.reference-global.com/doi/abs/10.1515/9783110201901.38 / “Gundersheimer, Herman Samuel, 1903- : BOOK. The Stella Elkins Tyler School of Fine Arts of Temple University /by Millard E. Gladfelter and Herman S. …”,1954,1994/search/aGundersheimer,+Karen./agundersheimer+karen/-3,-1,0,E/2browse In memory of Herman Gundersheimer, father of. Werner Gundersheimer, and Joan Soloway, …” files.templemicah.org/Newsletter/aug2004.pdf / Post-War Reports: Tentative List of Jewish Cultural Treasures in … “Founded on the library of the Israelitische Religionsschule and Hermann …… Information from Samuel Bernholc, New York; and Hirsh Abramovicz, Brooklyn, …” –Post-War Reports * Tentative List of Jewish Cultural Treasures in Axis-Occupied Countries, 1946 * MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION * FRITZ BAMBERGER * JOSEPH L. BARON * SALO W. BARON Columbia University * SAMUEL BELKIN Yeshiva College * JACOB BILLIKOPF Labor Standards Assn. * JOSHUA BLOCH N.Y. Public Library * SAMUEL M. BLUMENFIELD College of Jewish Studies * D.A. JESSURUN CARDOZO Netherlands Jewish Committee * ISRAEL S. CHIPKIN American Ass’n. For Jewish Education * AMBROSE DOSKOW * ABRAHAM G. DUKER * ALEXANDER DUSHKIN Jewish Education Committee * URIAH Z. ENGELMAN American Ass’n. for Jewish Education * SIMON FEDERBUSCH * World Jewish Congress * SAMUEL I. FEIGIN University of Chicago * SAMUEL B. FINKEL American Friends of the Hebrew University * MAURICE FINKELSTEIN St. John’s University * ARON FREIMANN Formerly Director Frankfort Municipal Library * HARRY FRIEDENWALD * THEODOR H. GASTER Library of Congress * NAHUM N. GLATZER Hebrew Teachers College * MAX GOTTSCHALK American Jewish Committee * SOLOMON GRAYZEL Jewish Publication Society * MAX GRUENEWALD Formerly Rabbi of Mannheim * OSCAR I. JANOWSKY College of the City of N.Y. * LEO JUNG Joint Distribution Committee * BERNARD KAHN Joint Distribution Committee * HORACE M. KALLEN New School for Social Research * OSCAR KARBACH World Jewish Congress * ADOLF KOBER Formerly Rabbi of Cologne * JACOB LANDAU Jewish Telegraphic Agency * SIMON LANGER Rabbi, Ass’n Pour le Retablissement Israelite en France * MAX M. LASERSON Carnegie Foundation for
International Peace * ADOLF S. LESCHNITZER Formerly Reichsvertretung Deutscher Juden * FELIX A. LEVY * JULIUS LEWY Hebrew Union College * MARVIN LOWENTHAL * EDGAR F. MAGNIN * JULIUS B. MALLER American Jewish Committee * JACOB R. MARCUS Hebrew Union College * RALPH MARCUS University of Chicago * ALEXANDER MARX Jewish Theological Seminary * ISIDORE S. MEYER American Jewish Historical Society * JEROME MICHAEL Columbia University * JULIAN MORGENSTERN Hebrew Union College * ROBERT R. NATHAN * ALEXANDER PEKELIS New School for Social Research * KOPPEL S. PINSON Queens College * LOUIS PRASHKER St. John’s University * JOACHIM PRINZ * NATHAN REICH Joint Distribution Committee * NEHEMIAH ROBINSON World Jewish Congress * A. S. W. ROSENBACH American Friends of the Hebrew University * SAMUEL ROSENBLATT Johns Hopkins University * HARRY N. ROSENFIELD * ABRAM L. SACHAR Hillel Foundations * ISAIAH SONNE Hebrew Union College * GUIDO SCHOENBERGER New York University * BEN SELEKMAN Harvard University * JACOB SHATZKY Yiddish Scientific Institute * EISIG SILBERSCHLAG Hebrew Teachers College NATHAN A. STEIN American Federation of Jews from Central Europe * EUGENE TAEUBLER Hebrew Union College * JOSEPH THON American Federation for Polish Jews * HERMAN WEILL Wisconsin State Teachers College * MAX WEINREICH Yiddish Scientific Institute * BERNARD D. WEINRYB Jewish Teachers Seminary * MARK WISCHNITZER Formerly Secretary-General Hilfsverin der Deutschen Juden * RACHEL WISCHNITZER Formerly Curator, Jewish Museum of Berlin >>> http://www.lootedart.com/MG7RRW44983_print;Y


88.) Günther, Gotthard (1933, 1938-1942, 1943-1945) Colby College, Me. / Philosophy

 Gotthard Günther (also Gunther, Guenther), (1900 in Arnsdorf, Landkreis Hirschberg, Silesia1984), was a German (Prussian) philosopher.

From 1921 to 1933, Günther studied sinology and philosophy at the universities of Heidelberg and Berlin, and wrote his doctor’s thesis on Hegel in 1933 under the guidance of Eduard Spranger. From 1935 to 1937, he worked at the institute of Arnold Gehlen at the University of Leipzig, publishing “Christliche Metaphysik und das Schicksal des modernen Bewusstseins” (“Christian metaphysics and the fate of modern consciousness”, together with Helmut Schelsky in 1937). He was a member of the Leipzig School. / In the same year, following his wife, the Jewish psychologist Dr. Marie Günther-Hendel, he emigrated from Germany first to Italy, afterwards to Stellenbosch University in South Africa and, in 1940, to the United States. There he completed his system of place-valued logics and morphogrammatics. His great study “Die philosophische Idee einer nicht-Aristotelischen Logik” (“The philosophical concept of a non-Aristotelian logic”) went to print in 1957 (Hamburg, Meiner). As a research professor, he joined the department of electrical engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1960, working together with Warren Sturgis McCulloch, Heinz von Foerster, Humberto Maturana and others. In 1962, he published Cybernetic ontology and transjunctional operations. Later he lectured at the University of Hamburg, until he died, in 1984. etc.”  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotthard_G%C3%BCnther

“Günther Philosophy Web”: http://www.vordenker.de/ggphilosophy/ggphilo.htm

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