Displaced Scholars

Kraus – Lederer

144.) Kraus, Siegfried (1937-1945) College of City of NY / Sociology

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145.) Krautheimer, Richard (1933-1945) Vassar / History of Art

Emigrated to the United States of America in ’35 or ’36. “Krautheimer found a position at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, a university he purportedly had never heard of. At his request, Louisville hired another fleeing art historian, Krautheimer’s friend from school days, Justus Bier. Krautheimer moved to Vassar in 1937 at the request of Vassar’s Art Department chair, Agnes Claflin. That same year saw Krautheimer’s first volume of the Corpus Basilicarum Christianarum Romae, a scholarly inventory and documentation of the early Christian churches in Rome eventually running to five volumes. The set would not be completed until 1977. Following US entry into World War II, he and Trude became naturalized citizens. Richard volunteered for duty as a senior research analyst for the Office of Strategic Services for the years 1942–44. Here he analyzed aerial photographs of Rome to assist in the protection of historic buildings during bombing. While still at Vassar, he taught (with lecturer status) at New York University (1938–49). He moved to NYU permanently in 1952 as the Jayne Wrightsman Professor of Fine Arts. The early 1950s were devoted to researching his one monograph on an artist, Lorenzo Ghiberti, published jointly with his wife in 1956. He would serve for one semester as acting Director of the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. -wikid.

Richard Krautheimer, a celebrated German art historian, came to Vassar in 1937, after a brief stay at the University of Louisville, to teach architectural history. He remained until 1952, when he went on to the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. Among his many accomplishments, Krautheimer found a 4th century Constantinian Chapel under the 12th century Church of San Lorenzo in Rome, a discovery made possible when an American bomb aimed at nearby railroad yards missed its mark and hit the church instead. He began his dig in 1947 and finished it in 1948. http://vcencyclopedia.vassar.edu/faculty/prominent-faculty/distinguished-displaced-scholars.html

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146.) Kridl, Manfred (1940-1944) Smith College, Northhampton, Mass / Literature

Manfred Kridl (1882–1957) was a Polish historian of literature. From 1932 Kridl taught at Wilno‘s Stefan Batory University, where he was an opponent of anti-semitic ghetto-bench policy. In 1940, during World War II, Kridl managed to escape from occupied Poland and settled in the United States. There he taught at Smith College, then at Columbia University.

Antagonizm wieszczów. Rzecz o stosunku Słowackiego do Mickiewicza, 1925 / Literatura polska w. XIX, 1925 / Główne prądy literatury europejskie. Klasycyzm, romantyzm, epoka poromantyczna, 1931 / Wstęp do badań nad dziełem literackim, 1936 / Literatura Polska, 1945 / Editor, For Your Freedom and Ours (the democratic heritage of Poland) / A Survey of Polish Literature and Culture, 1956 / A. Mickiewicz – Poet of Poland (with other authors) / The lyric poems of Juliusz Slowacki (Musagetes; contributions to the history of Slavic literature and culture) / history of Polish culture and literature http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manfred_Kridl

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147.) Kronstein, Heinrich (1935, 1939-1941) Library of Congress / Law

The Law of International Cartels / Business Arbitration—Instrument of Private Government,” / “The well-known Institute of Foreign and International Business Law, which was founded in 1953 by Helmut Coing, Walter Hallstein, Heinrich Kronstein and …” * “laborator of Heinrich Kronstein, the founder of the Institute, and H.E. Dr. Hussein Hassouna, Ambassador of the League of Arab States to the. United States. …” * “Thus, the Antitrust Division’s institution of 315 cases from 1941 to 1946 Heinrich Kronstein, “Memorandum to Mr. Fowler Hamilton,” December, 23, 1941, 13, …” * “A second event: Thanks to Heinrich Kronstein, one of the very few emigrants from Germany who held a professorial position at a German university, …”

Major American antitrust laws : a guide to their domestic and … “Major American antitrust laws : a guide to their domestic and foreign application / by Heinrich Kronstein, John J. Miller, Jr., in cooperation with Paul P. …” nla.gov.au/nla.cat-vn2302947 LLM GUIDE – ILF Institute for Law and Finance at Frankfurt University “The well-known Institute of Foreign and International Business Law, which was founded in 1953 by Helmut Coing, Walter Hallstein, Heinrich Kronstein and …” http://www.llm-guide.com/university/182/ilf-institute-for-law-and-finance-at-frankfurt-university SZA Schilling, Zutt & Anschütz > The Firm “1 May 2008 … and are closely entwined with the names of notable jurists such as Karl Geiler, Heinrich Kronstein, Wilhelm Zutt and Wolfgang Schilling. …” http://www.sza.de/en/The_Firm/ LaRoucheForcesTakeOn TheNeo-ConsinGermany “tel law specialist Heinrich Kronstein, who after 1937 worked. Helga Zepp- LaRouchenow has initiatedan AdHoc Commit- tee for a New Bretton Woods, …” http://www.larouchepub.com/eiw/public/2005/2005_20-29/2005_20-29/2005-21/pdf/48-52_21_int.pdf The Conversionary Impulse in Fin De Siecle Germany “Heinrich Kronstein (1897-1972) recalled his father’s love ofJewish practices and his affinity for. “lernen”. Yet Kronstein never reflected any of that …” leobaeck.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/40/1/107.pdf David J. Gerber: Browse by Subject “Interpreting European Competition Law Experience: The Roles of Heinrich Kronstein, German-Speaking Emigre Lawyers: Their Roles in the United States and …” works.bepress.com/david_gerber/subject_areas.html GATT’s influence on regional arrangements “Heinrich Kronstein, Washington, DC: University Press of Washington. Dam, K.W. ( 1963) ‘Regional Economic Arrangements and the GATT: The …” ctrc.sice.oas.org/TRC/Articles/Regionalism/dm_ch5.pdf * Heinrich Kronstein repeated their training in another system and succeeded in passing the bar examination. Versed in business affairs, other emigre lawyers …”

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148.) Kuhn, Helmut (1933-1944) U of North Carolina / Philosophy

ENCOUNTER WITH NOTHINGNESS An Essay on Existentialism by Helmut Kuhn Professor of…come to be known under the name of Existentialism. …” … “Helmut Kuhn. 1943. Pennsylvania, in German Thought. Pp. xiii, 160. Philadelphia: University of ….. HELMUT KUHN. University of North. Carolina …” ann.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/229/1/182-a.pdf * 1941). The System of the Arts. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 1 …” “Freedom forgotten and remembered … by Helmut KuhnHelmut Kuhn (* 22. März 1899 in Lüben, Niederschlesien; † 2. Oktober 1991 in München) war ein deutscher Philosoph.

Kuhn studierte an den Universitäten Breslau, Innsbruck und Berlin. 1923 promovierte er mit einer Dissertation über den Begriff des Symbolischen in der deutschen Ästhetik bis Schiller. 1930 habilitierte er sich in Berlin mit einem zweibändigen Werk über Die Kulturfunktion der Kunst und lehrte dort bis 1937 als Privatdozent. Aus dieser Zeit stammt seine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff des Politischen (München 1927) von Carl Schmitt. 1937 musste Kuhn wegen seiner jüdischen Herkunft und seiner Gegnerschaft zum Nationalsozialismus Deutschland verlassen. Er ging in die USA und lehrte als Gastprofessor und später als ordentlicher Professor für Philosophie an der University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1947 übernahm er einen Lehrstuhl an der Emory University bei Atlanta in Georgia. In den Jahren des Exils entstand u.a. seine History of Esthetics (1939 zusammen mit Katherine Gilbert), die ein viel benutztes Lehrbuch amerikanischer Colleges wurde. In Vorträgen vor deutschen Kriegsgefangenen und verschiedenen Veröffentlichungen warb Kuhn damals für ein „besseres” Deutschland. In den Jahren seines Exils in den Vereinigten Staaten konvertierte der ursprünglich jüdische Philosoph zur römisch-katholischen Kirche.

1949 kehrte Kuhn nach Deutschland zurück und übernahm einen Lehrstuhl an der Universität Erlangen. Von 1953 bis zu seiner Emeritierung 1967 war er ordentlicher Professor für Philosophie an der Universität München. Bis 1958 war er daneben auch Direktor des Instituts für Amerikanistik. Außerdem war er ab 1961 ein Jahrzehnt lang Rektor der Münchner Hochschule für Politische Wissenschaften. / 1953 gründet Kuhn zusammen mit Hans-Georg Gadamer die Philosophische Rundschau, die von beiden bis 1974 herausgegeben wurde. Von 1957 bis 1962 war Kuhn Präsident der Allgemeinen Gesellschaft für Philosophie in Deutschland. 1969 bereitete er mit Bernhard Waldenfels und Reinhold Gladiator die Gründung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für phänomenologische Forschung vor und leitete unter Mitwirkung von Hans-Georg Gadamer deren erste internationale Tagung.

Kuhn ist der Vater der Frauenhistorikerin Annette Kuhn, die sich in ihrer Autobiografie vom autoritären Vater, der die jüdische Herkunft jahrzehntelang verschwieg, absetzt. / Durch die Kirchenkrise, die er durch das II. Vatikanische Konzil ausgelöst sah, wurde Kuhn sehr beunruhigt. / Als zeitgeistkritische Bücher, die sich mit der 68er-Revolution und den Veränderungen in der katholischen Kirche beschäftigten, wurden unter anderen seine Werke Rebellion gegen die Freiheit, Jugend im Aufbruch. Zur revolutionären Bewegung in unserer Zeit, Die Kirche im Zeitalter der Kulturrevolution und Ideologie – Hydra der Staatenwelt angesehen. Sokrates. Versuch über den Ursprung der Metaphysik. Verlag die Runde, Berlin 1934. Neue Auflage im Kösel Verlag, München 1959 / Begegnung mit dem Nichts. Ein Versuch über die Existenzphilosophie. J. C. B. Mohr Verlag, Tübingen 1950. / Begegnung mit dem Sein. Meditationen zur Metaphysik des Gewissens. J. C. B. Mohr Verlag, Tübingen 1954 / Wesen und Wirken des Kunstwerks. Kösel Verlag, München 1960 / Romano Guardini. Der Mensch und das Werk. Kösel Verlag München 1961 / Das Sein und das Gute. Kösel Verlag, München 1962 / Der Staat. Eine philosophische Darstellung. Kösel Verlag München 1967 / Der Weg vom Bewusstsein zum Sein. Klett-Cotta Verlag Stuttgart 1981 * http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmut_Kuhn_(Philosoph)

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149.) Land, Gustav (1939-1944) Yale Observatory / Astronomy

Gustav Land (formerly Gustav Deutschland), Berlin Ph.D. in Astronomy (1908), was active in astronomy and in meteorology…

“Dr. Gustav Land, of the Yale University Observatory, spoke on the topic, ‘The Satellites of Jupiter.’ Midwest Group of Astronomers The Midwest Group of …” adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1947PA…..55..335. Further Reports of Observatories: Yale “Dr. Gustav Land, a valued member of the Observatory staff since 1942, died on September … from the Department of Physics to the Department of Astronomy. …” adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1961AJ…..66..642. Oral History Transcript — John S. Hall “And he was very much interested in astronomy. He had studied astronomy formally or …. Let’s see, Gustav Land came. Garfinkel was American-born I think. …” http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/3948.html Icarus : An operational theory of laser-radar selenodesy … “… implicit approximation such as that of LASERRADAR SELENODESY 319 Gustav Land . …… Guiding The technique of offset guiding is an old one in astronomy. …” linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0019103567900292 7. Reports of Observations “The r Physics-Mathematics-Astronomy Building on the University of Pennsylvania campus is to be …… Heckmann, Gustav Land, B. J. Bok, and Walter Fricke. …” articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1954AJ…..59..335./0000360.000.html 8. liketosearch “… related links. … astronomy is that moment in time (not a whole day) when . … http://www.cnn.com/2007/US/03/27/dobbs.ramos/index.html. where did gustav land …” http://www.irazoo.com/MySites.aspx/liketosearch Part III: Systematic Effects in the Probably Errors of the Yale … “… PROBABLE ERRORS OF THE YALE PARALLAXES By GUSTAV LAND This investigation …… It seems questionable, therefore, whether or not special meteorological …” adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1949TOYal..15..143L

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150.) Landauer, Carl (1933-1935, 1939-1944) U of C, Berkeley / Economics

“Carl Landauer, Economics: Berkeley …. Carl Landauer died in Oakland on October 16, 1983, the day after his 92nd birthday and only two days before his last …” Carl Landauer, Economics: Berkeley (1891-1983) Professor Emeritus

Carl Landauer died in Oakland on October 16, 1983, the day after his 92nd birthday and only two days before his last book was published. He had been on the faculty of the University of California for nearly half a century. Stimulating teacher, prolific and erudite scholar, a man of the highest moral standards, good citizen of the University and the United States, prized colleague and wise counselor, a splendid and warm human being–such was the Carl Landauer we knew and will remember with admiration and fondness.

Born in Munich in 1891, Landauer received his doctorate at Heidelberg, worked for seven years for Der Deutsche Volkswirt, the leading economic periodical of Weimar Germany, and served as professor at the Commercial University in Berlin up to 1933. Member of the Social-Democratic Party from 1912, he became one of its main economic theorists [read parasites]. A passionate defender of democracy and human rights, he was active in his party’s struggle against the short-lived Bavarian Soviet government of 1919, and of course also a decade later against the rising Nazi tide, which forced him to flee his native land.

In 1934, he joined the Department of Economics at Berkeley. For the next 36 years, until 1970, long beyond his formal retirement in 1959, Landauer taught courses and seminars on “social reform movements,” “comparative economic systems,” and other fields in economics. In his later years he devoted much effort to developing and teaching an integrated social science course for undergraduates, an essential part of his philosophy of university education. Honorary degrees were bestowed on him by the University of California in 1962 and by the University of Hamburg in 1967. The prestigious Award for Cultural Achievement was presented to him in 1974 by the German Labor Federation.

The academic values and the fortunes of this University were always close to Landauer’s heart. Many still remember his cogent and eloquent speeches on the floor of the Academic Senate in behalf of good sense and practical moderation during such critical periods as the oath controversy of the early fifties and the campus unrest of the sixties. Theory of National Economic Planning (1944, revised 1947) was his first American book. Landauer’s scholarship dealt primarily with the systems and institutions that define economic life, and particularly their continuity, persistence, evolution, and change. In this spirit he wrote the definitive two-volume work, European Socialism (1959), a monument to his encyclopedic knowledge, good judgment, and impeccable objectivity. A perceptive study, Germany: Illusions and Dilemmas (1969), attests to his intense but detached concern with the fortunes of his native land.

Deserving of special note is Landauer’s seminal contribution to the concept and theory of competitive market socialism. As one of the small group of German Marktsozialisten, in the course of the 1920s he developed and sharpened the outlines of a socialist economy committed at once to efficiency, distributive fairness, and (not the least) political democracy. His solution–summed up in Planwirtschaft und Verkehrswirtschaft (Planned Economy and Market Economy, 1931)–rings familiar to us today after the Yugoslav and Hungarian economic reforms, but was as daring in its time as it was original. Stressing that a socialist society would rely on material incentives and retain some inequality of incomes and conflicts of interest, he proposed a model that included socialist ownership, profit-sharing by workers, state-appointed managers, the profit motive, a full-fledged market mechanism, freely moving prices, aversion to both bureaucracy and monopoly, and what today we would call indicative planning. With great insight and foresight, he discussed the many practical problems and difficulties inherent in the model, always with an eye to the pragmatic and the feasible.

Though physically frail in his last years, he remained intellectually vigorous to the end. In 1983, his monograph, Corporate State Ideologies: Historical Roots and Philosophical Origins–where “corporate” refers to the system of political representation, not to business organization–was published posthumously by the Institute of International Studies at Berkeley. –Gregory Grossman Ewald T. Grether John M. Letiche

Born in Munich in 1891, Landauer received his doctorate at Heidelberg, worked for seven years for Der Deutsche Volkswirt, the leading economic periodical of Weimar Germany, and served as professor at the Commercial University in Berlin up to 1933. Member of the Social-Democratic Party from 1912, he became one of its main economic theorists. A passionate defender of democracy and human rights, he was active in his party’s struggle against the short-lived Bavarian Soviet government of 1919, and of course also a decade later against the rising Nazi tide, which forced him to flee his native land.

In 1934, he joined the Department of Economics at Berkeley. For the next 36 years, until 1970, long beyond his formal retirement in 1959, Landauer taught courses and seminars on “social reform movements,” “comparative economic systems,” and other fields in economics. In his later years he devoted much effort to developing and teaching an integrated social science course for undergraduates, an essential part of his philosophy of university education. Honorary degrees were bestowed on him by the University of California in 1962 and by the University of Hamburg in 1967. The prestigious Award for Cultural Achievement was presented to him in 1974 by the German Labor Federation.

The academic values and the fortunes of this University were always close to Landauer’s heart. Many still remember his cogent and eloquent speeches on the floor of the Academic Senate in behalf of good sense and practical moderation during such critical periods as the oath controversy of the early fifties and the campus unrest of the sixties. Theory of National Economic Planning (1944, revised 1947) was his first American book. Landauer’s scholarship dealt primarily with the systems and institutions that define economic life, and particularly their continuity, persistence, evolution, and change. In this spirit he wrote the definitive two-volume work, European Socialism (1959), a monument to his encyclopedic knowledge, good judgment, and impeccable objectivity. A perceptive study, Germany: Illusions and Dilemmas (1969), attests to his intense but detached concern with the fortunes of his native land.

Deserving of special note is Landauer’s seminal contribution to the concept and theory of competitive market socialism. As one of the small group of German Marktsozialisten, in the course of the 1920s he developed and sharpened the outlines of a socialist economy committed at once to efficiency, distributive fairness, and (not the least) political democracy. His solution–summed up in Planwirtschaft und Verkehrswirtschaft (Planned Economy and Market Economy, 1931)–rings familiar to us today after the Yugoslav and Hungarian economic reforms, but was as daring in its time as it was original. Stressing that a socialist society would rely on material incentives and retain some inequality of incomes and conflicts of interest, he proposed a model that included socialist ownership, profit-sharing by workers, state-appointed managers, the profit motive, a full-fledged market mechanism, freely moving prices, aversion to both bureaucracy and monopoly, and what today we would call indicative planning. With great insight and foresight, he discussed the many practical problems and difficulties inherent in the model, always with an eye to the pragmatic and the feasible.

Though physically frail in his last years, he remained intellectually vigorous to the end. In 1983, his monograph, Corporate State Ideologies: Historical Roots and Philosophical Origins–where “corporate” refers to the system of political representation, not to business organization–was published posthumously by the Institute of International Studies at Berkeley. http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=hb4d5nb20m&doc.view=frames&chunk.id=div00092&toc.depth=1&toc.id=

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151.) Lassner, Oscar (1936-1944) New Jersey College for Women / Music

WESTFIELD STORES “Oscar Lassner, eminent Viennese- born baritone, director of the voice department of the New jerseycol- lege for Women, will present a pro- …” archive.wmlnj.org/TheWestfieldLeader/1937/1937-11-25/pg_0007.pdf MILTON’S “Oscar Lassner, soloist and assistant professor of music at New Jersey College for. Women; Rutgers University, will give the first in the 1946-47 …” http://www.dowdell.org/citizen/1946/1946-10-25.pdf

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152.) Laun, Rudolf (von) (1933-1939) U of Michigan / Law

 

Het Rudolf von Laun Instituut “Der Jurist Rudolf von Laun war Professor für Staats- und Völkerrecht an der Universität Hamburg. Er began sein Laufbahn als Berater der österreichischen …” http://www.vonlauninstituut.org/dui/vonlaun.html A history of public law in Germany, 1914-1945 “Teaching was now carried on by the Social Democrat Rudolf von Laun, who distanced himself completely from the National Socialists, and whose salary was cut …” books.google.com/books?id=z1BEtAvGn5IC&pg=PA284&lpg=PA284&dq=Rudolf+von+Laun&source=bl&ots=6zFp46v4hZ&sig=m7HtRzCLwjBubumIEDUBYDz3NCc International Law in the Third Reich “Rudolf von Laun represents those who withdrew and, without being ac tive …… Hamburg, Rudolf von Laun, 1882. Albrecht Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, 1874 …” http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&se=gglsc&d=79269979

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153.) Lauterbach, Albert (1938-1945) Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville / Economics

See original image 

Psychological challenges to modernization by Albert Lauterbach. Elsevier Scientific Pub. … Las actitudes administrativas en Chile by Albert Lauterbach …” … “Economic security and individual freedom; can we have both? by Albert Lauterbach” … “Psychological Challenges to Modernization” … “ALBERT LAUTERBACH Research Professor Brookings Institution.” … “The odyssey of rationality” … “Commissioning organisation” … “Economics in Uniform: Military Economy and Social Structure” … LEWISOHN CASE ARGUED.(2); District Attorney Jerome Absent … “Assistant District Attorney Gang argued the case for the People and Albert Lauterbach for Lewisohn. Among the claims made for Lewisohn are that the case …” query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F70D15FE345F1B738DDDAF0894DE405B838CF1D3 “ENTERPRISE IN LATIN AMERICA” … “Man, Motives, and Money: Psychological Frontiers of Economics, Albert Lauterbach”

The Odyssey of Rationality –

Among social democratic economists, the late Professor Albert Lauterbach ranks high. This volume is evidence of the wide range of interests he had and represents but a fraction of the number of articles, not to speak of books and pamphlets, that he wrote in his lifetime. The prolific outpouring of published works is the more impressive when one becomes aware of their quality, originality and felicity in style. The turgid and jargon-filled prose of many scholars that makes their publications nearly incomprehensible to the average layman is lacking in Lauter-bach’s books and articles though they appeared primarily in scholarly journals. The author was constantly concerned about the precise use and meaning of terms, such as socialism, communism and development that filled the scholarly literature. He wanted the reader, as this volume shows, to understand the terms and to be aware of their misuse and lack of precision.

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154.) Lederer, Max (1938-1944) Library of Congress / Language and Literature

Second chance: two centuries of German-speaking Jews in the United … “Others who tried in vain to settle here include Max Lederer, who ended up in the Library of Congress; Wolfgang Liepe taught in South Dakota and Chicago; …” books.google.com/books?id=a-6WlsDsuo8C&pg=PA142&lpg=PA142&dq=%22Max+Lederer%22+%2B+Library+of+Congress&source=bl&ots=QlQvTRMf-A&sig=dJkXSq1Xg2-xLT1-6BBb3Z1Ufug&hl=en Nazi Victims in the World of Books

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