Refugee organizations, 1933-1945
Academic Assistance Council, 1933-1937 (see also: Society for the Protection of Science and Learning)…founded in 1933 as the Academic Assistance Council, by a small group of academics; notably William Beveridge, Leo Szilard and Lord Rutherford. Other names associated with: Gilbert Murray, Sir Gowland Hopkins (President of the Royal Society), George Treveylan…
Academisch Steun-fonds, 1933-1935
“Academic Support Fund”, Amsterdam, Holland
Alliance Israélite Universelle, 1933-1934
…based in France. Rothschild instititution…”founded in Paris in 1860 by Adolphe Crémieux, as a response to the Damascus affair, with the goal to protect human rights of Jews as citizens of countries where they live”.
American Committee Against Fascist Oppression in Germany, 1934
Organized in March, 1933 / Columbia U’s (scientist) Franz Boas joined right away…
American Committee for Christian Refugees, Inc., 1934-1944
“…wholeheartedly cooperated w/ jewish agencies…” — America, American Jews, and the Holocaust By Jeffrey S. Gurock
* The American Committee for Guidance of Professional Personnel
…enabled displaced lawyers to undergo retraining courses in law schools. Professor Carl J. Friedrich served as acting chairman and Professor David Riesman served as Secretary of the Selection Committee.
American Committee for Hungarian War Refugees, circa 1933-1945
American Committee for Refugee Scholars, Writers, and Artists, 1944-1945
Changed name in 1945 to American Council for Emigres in the Professions (ACEP). In 1963, it absorbed the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians.
American Committee for Relief in Czechoslovakia, 1939-1940
American Committee for the Relief of Victimized German Children, 1934
American Committee to Save Refugees, 1940-1941
…sought to assist opponents of Hitler who were still in France.
* American Council for Emigres in the Professions
American Friends of Czechoslovakia, 1939-1942
* American Friends of German Freedom
* American Friends of a Jewish Palestine
…founded in 1939 to support the underground activities of the Irgun Zvai Leumi in the “repatriation” in Palestine of Jewish refugees from German-held territory.
American Friends Service Committee, 1934-1945
American Guild for German Cultural Freedom, 1938-1940
American Jewish Committee, 1933-1935, 1938-1939, 1942
Cyrus Adler, Founder, President (1929-1940); board: Joseph Proskauer; Judge Irving Lehman; Morris D. Waldman, secretary; Rabbi Jonah B. Wise, chief fund raiser
American Jewish Congress, 1934-1937
In 1918, leaders within the American Jewish community, consisting of Jewish, Zionist, and immigrant community organizations, convened the first American Jewish Congress. Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, and others joined to lay the groundwork for a national democratic organization of Jewish leaders from all over the country.
In 1934, Daniel Marks was named head of the AJC. He traveled to Germany and brought 5,000 Jews to America. In 1936 the American Jewish Congress was instrumental in establishing the World Jewish Congress (WJC). Maintaining his position as president of the AJCongress, Rabbi Wise was also elected president of the WJC. During World War II, the AJCongress acted as a liaison between the U.S. government and the WJC on issues relating to rescue attempts made on behalf of European Jews. Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum, chairman.
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1933-1942
Executive Committee / Board of Directors: Felix M. Warburg: Co-Founder, Chairman; Paul Baerwald (banker); Dr. Bernhard Kahn: head of the European office of JDC in Berlin; James N. Rosenberg (lawyer); Joseph C. Hyman: Executive head and secretary; Dr. Joseph A. Rosen, head of JDC’s Russian work; Boris D. Bogen, JDC representative in Eastern Europe; Cyrus Adler; Louis Marshall; Julius Rosenwald: most important financial supporter…
…Inspired in part by a August 31, 1914 cable from Henry Morgenthau, then U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, to prominent U.S. philanthropist Jacob Schiff requesting $50,000 to save the Jews of Palestine, then part of Ottoman Turkey, from starvation, representatives of forty U.S. Jewish organizations met in New York in November 1914 to discuss the coordination of relief measures for beleaguered Jewish populations in central and eastern Europe and the Middle East. On November 27, 1914 they founded the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC or “Joint”). The initial purpose of the Joint was to raise and distribute funds to help support the Jewish populations of eastern Europe and the near east during World War I. / Between 1914 and 1929, the JDC collected some 78.7 million dollars from Jews living in the United States.
JDC efforts were instrumental in assisting at least 190,000 Jews to leave Germany between 1933 and 1939; 80,000 were able to leave Europe altogether with JDC assistance. The JDC supported various refugee resettlement efforts in Latin America, including the Jewish colony in Sosua, Dominican Republic, and a colony in Bolivia. JDC funds were also instrumental in funding a relief program for 20,000 German and Austrian Jewish refugees in Shanghai, China. In 1939, the JDC boosted its fundraising potential for rescue by joining with the United Palestine Appeal and the National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees to create the United Jewish Appeal (UJA). / The JDC was also a significant contributor to the operations of the U.S. War Refugee Board (WRB) after its creation in January 1944.
AMERICAN JEWISH JOINT DISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE, INC. [ca. 1936-37]
Org. Nov. 24, 1914. OFFICE: 7 Hanover, New York City.
Twenty-first Annual Meeting, April 13, 1935, New York City.
PURPOSE: Distribution of funds for the relief and rehabilitation of Jews overseas.
MAJOR ACTIVITIES: General and emergency relief; economic aid and rehabilitation; child-care; medical-sanitary; cultural-religious; vocational training, etc.; directly and in cooperation with affiliated and associated organizations.
OFFICERS: Hon. Chairman, Felix M. Warburg; Chairman, Paul Baerwald; Vice-Chairmen, Herbert H. Lehman, James N. Rosenberg; Treas., Marco F. Hellman; Assoc. Treas., Wm. A. Koshland; Comptroller, Mrs. H. B. L. Goldstein; Sec. and Exec. Dir., Jos. C. Hyman, 7 Hanover, N. Y. C. Activities in Eastern and Central Europe, Dir., Dr. Bernhard Kahn, Activities in Russia, Dir., Dr. Joseph A. Rosen.
* American League for a Free Palestine
Among the members of the executive board from 1943 to 1948 were Y. Ben Ami, Louis Bromfield, Ben Hecht, Will Rogers, Jr., Harry Louis Selden, Andrew L. Somers, Alexander Wilf, Stella Adler, Konrad Bercovici, Fowler Harper, Arthur Szyk, Mrs. Louis Untermeyer, and Isaac Zaar. Guy M. Gillette, senator from Iowa, became president of the league in August 1945.
* American Palestine Campaign, Inc.
Org. 1932 as successor to the U. P. A. and the Keren Hayesod.
OFFICE: 111—5th Ave., New York City. Annual Meeting, April 4, 1935, New York City.
PURPOSE: TO raise funds for the Keren Hayesod and for the Central Bureau for the Settlement of German Jews in Palestine.
OFFICERS: Hon. Chairmen, Cyrus Adler,- Julian W. Mack, Herbert H. Lehman, Felix M. Warburg, Stephen S. Wise; Nat’l Chairmen, James Becker, William M. Lewis, Louis Lipsky, (Chairman Bd. of Dir.), Morris Rothenberg, Elihu D. Stone; Treas., Jacob H. Cohen, Harry L. Glucksman, Abram Liebovitz; Sec, Charles Ress; Campaign Dir., Robt. Silverman.
American Philosophical Association. Eastern Division. Committee on Exiled Scholars, 1942
Cyrus Adler, Councillor (1927-30, 1932-36)
American Psychological Association. Committee on Displaced Foreign Psychologists, 1938-1941
Gordon Willard Allport (Harvard), president of the American Psychological Association 1938- and chair of the APA committee on displaced foreign psychologists…
* American Refugee Committee
* Arden Society
The American Guild for German Cultural Freedom’s sister organisation in England.
Association for Immigrant Scholars, 1940-1941
Association of American Law Schools. Committee for German Law Professors, 1939-1940
Association Universelle pour les Exilés Allemands, 1933
From 30 January 1933, the date of Hitler’s rise to power, until 1 September 1939, the outbreak of World War 11, France was the most popular country of exile for refugees from Nazi Germany, etc.
* British League for a Free Palestine
Canadian Committee for Jewish Refugees, 1939
President: Samuel Bronfman; Saul Hayes;
Canadian Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, 1939-1941
Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, 1933-1941, 1944
Philadelphia / Paul Warburg, Co-founder, Treasurer (1930-32); Wilbur K(elsey) Thomas, Executive Director (1930-46)
Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of New York, 1934, 1941
Catholic Committee for Refugees (U.S.), 1941-1944
Catholic Episcopal Committee for German Refugees, 1937
* Central British Fund
* Central Bureau for the Settlement of German Jews in Palestine
Chaim Weizmann; Chairman
Central Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, 1939
Comité des Savants, 1933-1935
* Comite Francais pour l’accueil et Organisation du Travail des Savants Etranger (FR)
Comité International pour le Placement des Intellectuels Émigrés, 1938-1939
Comité International pour le Placement des Intellectuels Refugies, 1933-1935
Comité voor Bijzondere Joodsche Belangen, 1936-1937
The Comité voor Bijzondere Joodsche Belangen (the Committee for Special Jewish Affairs) was founded in Spring 1933 by Dr David Cohen with the object of bringing together all the various Jewish interest groups to co-ordinate protest activities against the persecution of Jews in Germany and to deal with the burgeoning refugee problem. Out of this organisation was born a second, the Comité voor Joodsche Vluechtlingen, which was responsible for the day to day running of the relief effort in Amsterdam. Its remit grew to include assisting Jewish refugees nationwide and representing their interests to the government.
Comité voor Joodsche Vluchtelingen, 1937
Cooperation between the Comité voor Joodsche Vluechtlingen and other Jewish organisations in Holland eg Comité voor Bijzondere Joodsche Belangen, with British Jewish relief organisations under the umbrella of the Central British Fund.
The main archive of the Comité voor Joodsche Vluechtlingen, which was obtained by the Wiener Library in 1959, is now located at the Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie in the Netherlands. http://www.wienerlibrary.co.uk/collections/documents/collection/collectionitem.aspx?oItemID=12196
“Neutraal Vrouwencomite voor Vluchtelingen” /… “by 1934: the Comite voor Bijzondere Joodsche Belangen, the Neutraal Vrouwencomite voor Vluchtelingen, and the Academisch Steunfonds voor Intellectuelen. …”…were established in Netherlands etc.
* Committee for an Army of Stateless and Palestinian Jews
Committee for Catholic Refugees from Germany, 1937-1941
* Committee for the Guidance of Professional Personnel
* Committee for a Jewish Army
Pierre Van Paassen, Gabriel A. Wechsler, Peter H. Bergson (Hillel Kook), Samuel Merlin, Maurice Rifkin, and Alexander Wilf, a Philadelphia businessman.
* Committee for the Re-education of Refugee Lawyers
Committee for the Study of Recent Immigration from Europe, 1944-1945
Set up in 1943 by American-Christian Committee for Refugees, the American Friends Service Committee, the Catholic Committee for Refugees, the National Refugee Service and the U.S. Committee for the Care of European Children…its purpose was to conduct a study on recent immigration from Europe. The results were published in a book by Maurice R. Davie, w/ the collaboration of Sarah W. Cohn [wife of Alfred E. Cohn?], Betty Drury, Regina Freudenthal, Louise Haessler, Samuel Koenig, Fay Koss, Carolyn Zeleny, Ida Leiberman, Dorothy Foote Tate, Betty Lohnes and others…and see YIVA Institute for Jewish Research archives…”
Conference on Christian German Refugees, 1936
Council on Refugee Aid, 1941-1942
Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists, 1939-
Ernst Philip Boas (1891–1955, NY physician)
Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Physicians, 1933-1935
The records of the Rockefeller Institute consist of correspondence of Dr. P.A. Levine with displaced physicians, 1933-1940.
Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars
Emergency Committee in Aid of Political Refugees from Nazism, 1935-1936
Einstein-sponsored group. Members: Lillian Wald, Francis Henson, Freda Kirchwey, etc.
Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe, 1944
The Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe grew out of a conference sponsored by the Committee for a Jewish Army. Held in New York City in July, 1943 it was a reaction to the Bermuda conference on refugees attended by representatives of the United States and Great Britain in May 1943. Believing that the Bermuda meeting had failed to address itself specifically to the treatment of Jews in Axis countries, the organizers of the New York conference established the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe. Created “to press the Roosevelt administration to rescue Jewish refugees”. There was a march on Washington of the Orthodox rabbis of the United States organized by the Emergency Committee in October 1943.
The original members of the executive board were (Zionist & Irgun member) Peter H. Bergson (aka Hillel Kook, Louis Bromfield, Ben Hecht, Max Lerner, Will Rogers, Jr., and Sigrid Undset. Others on the committee were Congressman Andrew L. Somers, Konrad Bercovici, Frances Gunther, Dean Alfange, Stella Adler, Rose Keane, Arthur Szyk (vice-chairman) and Johan J. Smertenko (executive vice-chairman)…Ira Hirschmann, a Vice-Chairman / representative in Turkey. Many of America’s leading personalities, such as Bob Hope, performed fund-raising benefits for the committee etc.
wikid: In 1943, Kook established an “Emergency Committee for the Rescue of European Jewry“. The Committee, which included Jewish and non-Jewish American writers, public figures, and politicians, worked to disseminate information to the general public, and also lobbied the President and Congress to take immediate action to save the remnants of Europe’s Jews. / Some of the members of the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe were: Hillel Kook (Peter Bergson) and Alex Hadani Rafaeli, Alex Wilf, Arieh Ben-Eliezer, Arthur Szyk, Ben Hecht, Rabbi Ben Rabinowitz (Robbins), Ari Jabotinsky, Esther Untermeyer, Gabe Wechsler, Senator Guy Gillette, Harry Selden, Johan Smertenko, Konrad Bercovici, M. Berchin, Samuel Merlin, Sigrid Undset, Stella Adler, Congressman Will Rogers, Jr., Yitzchak Ben-Ami. / There were many others who actively supported the “Bergson Group“, for example a number of the best known people on Broadway and Hollywood, probably due to Ben Hecht’s contacts (such as Kurt Weill). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillel_Kook
* Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs
…including Stephen Wise, et al.
Emergency Rescue Committee, 1940-1942
In 1940, a group met in New York (122 East Forty-second Street), and organized the Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC) to help refugees displaced by the war. They were particularly concerned about the status of refugees in Vichy France. / From the outset, the ERC enjoyed strong support from influential members of New York’s literary community, including John Dos Passos, Upton Sinclair, and Dorothy Thompson. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt also actively provided help, linking the ERC to the power corridors of Washington. / Varian Fry, an editor and writer, was a founding member of the ERC and traveled to France on the committee’s behalf. He assisted refugees in acquiring visas and other documents necessary for a quick escape, but was quickly overwhelmed by the sheer volume of people who needed assistance. / during the thirteen months that Fry had actively aided refugees, he succeeded in helping over 2,000 people leave Vichy France. They included political, cultural, and labor leaders like Hannah Arendt, Pablo Casals, Marc Chagall, Wanda Landowska, and Alma Mahler. (Dr. Frank Kingdon, U. of Newark president; Dr. Alvin Johnson, New School for Social Research president; Norman Thomas, perennial presidential candidate and socialist, and Alfred H. Barr Jr., director of the Museum of Modern Art, etc. composed the list that included some of Europe’s most prominent writers, artists, and intellectuals, who the ERC had asked Fry to try to save etc.) / Kingdon became the committee’s chairman, David F. Seiferheld was its treasurer, and Mildred Adams its secretary.
* Émigré Charitable Fund
Set up by Felix Warburg, to advance emigration by supporting vocational training, resettlement loans, and transportation. By 1936 ECF had called upon $ 275,000 of the subscriptions to its fund, but had managed to spend no more than $ 66,186, most of it for retraining emigrants in Latin America.
Episcopal Committee for German Refugees, 1939-1943
Experts’ Committee for Academic and Kindred Refugees from Germany, 1934-
“Report from a London session of the Experts’ Committee for Academic and Kindred Refugees from Germany, established by the League of Nations in 1933 to …raise money and coordinate efforts for emigration, retraining, and resettlement.” pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/viewtext/2573358?op=t&n=15578&s=4Family Welfare Association of America, 1941
Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, 1934
* Federation of University Women (UK)
Friends of Refugee Teachers, 1938-1942
Friendship House, 1941
* German Academy of Arts and Sciences in Exile
Prince Hubertis Zu Lowenstein and Richard Arnold Bermann, co-founders of the German Academy of Arts and Sciences in Exile..Sigmund Freud president of the academy’s scientific division…Rudolf Olden, senator of the academy and leader of the German P.E.N. club in exile…
Volkmar Zühlsdorff (founding member) wrote: “”The Academy in Exile had its headquarters in New York, and offices in Vienna, London and Paris. Its 100 senators and members and the 163 recipients of its scholarships, scattered among 27 countries, considerably enriched the arts and sciences in their respective host nations.” From review of Zühlsdorff’s work: “…After the outbreak of war, the American Guild provided as much emergency assistance and practical help as they possibly could. Affidavits and escape routes were needed, residence and work permits had to be obtained, and, in addition to the scholarships, financial aid was provided wherever possible to those in desperate need. “The two organizations did their utmost for them,” the author remarks (p. 158). Zühlsdorff provides lively and original portraits of such notable exiles as Prince Hubertus zu Löwenstein, the “Red Prince” (co-founder); Richard Arnold Bermann alias Höllriegel (co-founder); Rudolf Olden; the very prickly Thomas Mann; the rascal Bertolt Brecht and the endearing Sigmund Freud, whose professional ethics even applied to Hitler (p. 76)….Occasional factual errors in the German edition recur in the translation, however; for example, Alfred Kerr was not, as here claimed (p. 88), the president of the German PEN club when he fled Germany in 1933, although he was a member. Kerr became president of the German PEN in exile in London. All in all, however, this is a most valuable publication for all English-speaking readers who are interested in the phenomenon of Hitler’s exiles.”
German Refugees Assistance Fund, 1933
…an umbrella organization of groups that assisted victims of the regime to emigrate. Lord Lothian, chairman [?]; Walter Adams, secretary“… AAC council, Int’l Student Service, (Jewish) Refugee Professional Committee and the Germany Emergency Committee of the Society of Friends) joined forces in forming the German Refugees Assistance Fund (Academic and Professional). …”
Good Neighbor Committee on the Emigré and the Community, 1939-1940
“… John Elliott of the Ethical Culture Society and Mr. Bart Andress, who came to talk about the Good Neighbor Committee on the emigre and the community. …”
Eleanor Roosevelt ^^^ ‘My Day’ column: “We had lunch today at my cottage and were joined by Dr. John Elliott of the Ethical Culture Society and Mr. Bart Andress, who came to talk about the Good Neighbor Committee on the emigre and the community. I have accepted the honorary presidency, because I feel their approach is the one best suited to give us a better understanding of what we owe to the immigrant of the past and, therefore, a better understanding of what our attitude should be today.”
Greater New York Coordinating Committee for German Refugees, 1934-1938
* Hebrew Committee of National Liberation
…formed in May 1944 by Peter H. Bergson, Arieh Ben Eliezer, Theodore Bennahum, Pinhas Delongaz, Jeremiah Helpern, Eri Jabotinsky, and Samuel Merlin. Designating itself as “a temporary trustee of Hebrew National interests,” the group opened an “embassy” on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C., as a “committee of liberation in exile.” Questioning the right of those Zionists who were citizens of the Western democracies to make decisions regarding the government of Palestine, the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation defined the “Hebrew nation” as the people in Palestine and Eastern Europe who renounced allegiance to any other nation, and who by common descent and common destiny constituted a national entity. Its aims were self-determination and international recognition, including membership in the United Nations, of the Hebrew nation, the repatriation of those European refugees who chose Palestine as their home, and the establishment of a democratic state in which Arabs would be guaranteed full citizenship.
The Hebrew Committee of National Liberation, by its own definition, could not include among its membership persons who claimed citizenship of the United States or any other nation. Those Americans who supported the program of the H.C.N.L. joined the American League for a Free Palestine, which raised funds and support on the committee’s behalf. –The Palestine Statehood Committee Records, 1939-1949
Hias-Ica Emigration Association, 1934-1939, 1942
In the article, “Migrations of the Jews”, in Volume 7 of the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia published in 1942 — In Section V “The Care of the Migrants Through Jewish Organisations”, Sub-Section 1 “The Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS)”, written by Isaac L Asofsky, we find the following (pp. 555-556):
“With the passage of the 1924 Immigration Quota Law by Congress and the necessity of exploring the possibilities for immigration to the other parts of the world, HIAS sought to strengthen and enlarge its activities abroad. In 1927, it entered into an agreement with the Jewish Colonisation Association (ICA) of Paris, France, for the purpose of forming what has since become known as HICEM, the abbreviated name for the HIAS-ICA Emigration Association. This association, with headquarters in Paris, and branch offices in thirty-two countries of emigration, transit and immigration, became the European arm for a world-wide immigrant and refugee service. IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1925 AND 1939, AN AVERAGE OF 100,000 JEWISH MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN EMIGRATED FROM THE AREA OF JEWISH MISERY IN EUROPE EACH YEAR [my emphasis]. In consequence of this effort, hundreds of thousands of Jews had been helped to settle not only in the United States, but in the dominions of the British Empire, in the Far East, in South and Central America, and in Palestine. Notable was the program of rescue carried out by the HIAS-ICA for the benefit of refugees from Germany since the advent of the Nazis in 1933. After the invasion of France by the German forces in 1940, the HIAS-ICA headquarters moved to Lisbon, Portugal”. http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=2313)
HEBREW SHELTERING AND IMMIGRANT AID SOCIETY OF AMERICA
OFFICE: 425 Lafayette, New York City.
An amalgamation of the Hebrew Sheltering House Association, organized Nov., 1888, and the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, organized 1901.
Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting, March 1, 1936, New York City. Contributors, over 75,000.
PURPOSE: TO facilitate the lawful entry of Jewish immigrants at the various ports in the United States, to provide them with temporary assistance, to prevent them from becoming public charges, to discourage their settling in congested cities, to prevent ineligibles from immigrating to the United States, to foster American ideals, and to instil in them a knowledge of American history and institutions, and to make better known the advantages of desirable immigration and, in conjunction with other organizations, to maintain offices in European countries for the purpose of advising Jewish emigrants concerning conditions in lands of immigration, and to prepare them for life in these new countries: and, in the lands of immigration other than the United States, to meet them upon arrival, shelter them and enable them to become selfsupporting therein.
OFFICERS: Pres., Abraham Herman, N. Y. C; Vice-Pres., Adolph Copeland, Chicago, 111.; A. Coralnik, N. Y. C.; Harris Poorvu, Boston, Mass.; Samuel A. Telsey, N. Y. C; H. H. Cohen, Phila., Pa.; Jacob Massel, N. Y. C.; Israel Silberstein, Baltimore, Md.; Nathan Schoenfeld, N. Y. C; Harry K. Wolff, San Francisco, Cal.; Julius Shafer, Seattle, Wash.; Treas., Harry Fischel, N. Y. C; Hon. Sec, Samuel Goldstein; General Manager, Isaac L. Asofsky, N. Y. C.
High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming from Germany, 1933-1936
League of Nations [?]; James C. McDonald, High-Commisioner (1933-1935) ; Walter Maria Kotschnig, Director (1934-35);
High Commissioner of the League of Nations for Refugees Coming from Germany, 1939
Fridtjof Nansen, High Commissioner for Refugees of the League of Nations
American Social Workers Hospitality Group. HOSPITES was established in 1933 to render assistance to German social work colleagues, both Jewish and Christian. The headquarters of HOSPITES was located in New York City. There was a Chicago Committee with Jane Addams, Mollie Ray Carroll, Samuel A. Goldsmith, and Joel D. Hunter as members. http://www.uic.edu/depts/lib/specialcoll/services/rjd/findingaids/HOSPITESf.html
Immigrants’ Conference, 1942
Institute of International Education (New York, NY), 1935-1945
Intercollegiate Committee to Aid Student Refugees, 1939
* Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees
Earl G. Harrison, U.S. representative / “…only had financial support from the U.S. and the U.K., all the other members simply paid their dues etc.” — http://www.trumanlibrary.org/oralhist/warrengl.htm
International Bureau for Right of Asylum and Aid to Political Refugees, 1939
International Committee for Securing Employment for Refugee Professional Workers, 1944
International Conference for Relief of German Jewry, 1933
International Migration Service, 1934-1935, 1939-1944
International Relief Association, 1934-1938
IRA headed by Albert Einstein… 1933: American branch of the European-based International Relief Association (IRA) founded at the suggestion of Albert Einstein to assist Germans suffering under Hitler. Refugees from Mussolini’s Italy and Franco’s Spain are later assisted. Carel Sternberg, another of the founding fathers of the IRC…1942: IRA and ERC (Emergency Relief Committee, Varian Fry, et al) join forces under the name International Relief and Rescue Committee, later shortened to the International Rescue Committee. http://www.theirc.org/about/history.html “Send funds to” Mayor Charles Hueber of Strassbourg, Alsace, France, treasurer of the European organization; American Committee, 11 West 42nd Street. Amos Pinchot, chairman.
International Rescue and Relief Committee, 1944
Some members of Board: Frank Kingdon, Sheba Strunsky and Hollingsworth Wood…also see ERC and IRA, etc.; Evacuations To and Through Switzerland: Rescue of Refugees From France and Italy, etc.
International Student Service, 1933-1943
Geneva, Switzerland; Walter Maria Kotschnig*, General Secretary (1927-34): “…Laskers to give financial support to the International Student Service…”
[*In 1925 Kotschnig joined the International Student Service in Geneva, Switzerland, a commitment which lasted nearly twenty years. During the following year, Kotschnig spent three months touring the United States speaking on behalf of the International Student Service. The next year (1927) he became General Secretary of the organization, a position he maintained until 1934, when he became involved with activities of the League of Nations, serving as Director of the High Commission for Refugees from Germany from 1934 to1935.
In 1936 he immigrated to the United States / Smith and Mt. Holyoke Colleges in Massachusetts / remained active in the International Student Service and its eventual successor, the World Student Service.
In 1944, Kotschnig began his diplomatic career with his appointment to U.S. government service as a specialist on international organization. In this capacity, he attended the Dumbarton Oaks Conferences in Washington, D.C. (1944) and in San Francisco (1945) in preparation for the establishment of the United Nations, as well as preparatory conferences for the formation of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Over the next three decades, Kotschnig served as Director of the Office of International Economic and Social Affairs (1949-1961), Special Advisor in the Bureau of International Organization Affairs (1962-1965), and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organizations (1965-1971). In his capacity of Deputy U.S. Representative on the Economic and Social Council for over twenty-five years, Kotschnig attended 45 out of 49 sessions of the U.N. Economic and Social Council before his retirement in 1971. Walter Ledermann, mathematician, “won a scholarship from the International Student Service, etc.”
International Study Center for Democratic Reconstruction Refugee Work Projects, 1942-1944
* Jewish Agency for Palestine
Chaim Weizmann, president; Cyrus Adler, Co-chairman of Council; Louis Lipsky, Executive Committee (1933-46)
AMERICAN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE JEWISH AGENCY FOR PALESTINE
Org. 1932. OFFICE: 111 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Last Annual Session, Dec. 31, 1934-Jan. 2, 1935, New York City.Members, 115. PURPOSE: TO further purposes of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.
OFFICERS: Hon. Chairmen, Felix M. Warburg, Julian W. Mack; Co-Chairmen, Cyrus Adler, Stephen S. Wise; Vice-Chairmen, Horace Stern, Robert Szold; Chairman of Administrative Comm., Morris Rothenberg; Adm. Comm., James H. Becker, Harry L. Glucksman, Mrs. Rose G. Jacobs, Alexander Kahn, Albert H. Lieberman, Louis Lipsky, Solomon Lowenstein, Samuel Schulman, Hugh Grant Straus.
Jewish Bureau of Social Work, 1934
Jewish Federation for Support of Philanthropic Societies of New York, 1941
Jewish Information Bureau, 1941
Jewish National Welfare Fund of San Francisco, 1935-1940
JEWISH NATIONAL FUND OF AMERICA
Org. 1910. OFFICE: 111 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Twenty-fifth Annual Assembly, March 1, 1936, New York City.
PURPOSE: TO redeem the soil of Palestine as the inalienable property of the Jewish People.
OFFICERS: Hon. Pres., Zvi H. Masliansky; Pres., Israel Goldstein, 270 W. 89th; Treas., Louis Rimsky; Assoc. Treas., I. M. Kowalsky; Hon. Sec, Louis Segal.
Jewish National Workers’ Alliance (U.S.), 1942-1943
JEWISH NATIONAL WORKERS’ ALLIANCE OF AMERICA
Org. 1912. OFFICE: 404 Fourth Ave., New York City.
Fourteenth Biennial Convention, May 31-June 4, 1936, Atlantic City, N. J.
Branches, 197. Members, 8,990.
PURPOSE: Fraternal, Social, Beneficial, and Educational Order.
OFFICERS: Pres., David Pinski; Vice-Pres., Joel Enteen; Treas., Abr. Margulies; Sec, Louis Segal, N. Y. C. PUBLICATION: Jewish Workers Voice.* Jewish Professional Committee (UK)
Jewish Refugee Center in Shanghai, 1940
JDC funds were instrumental in funding a relief program for 20,000 German and Austrian Jewish refugees in Shanghai, China.
Jewish Refugees Committee, 1934
Founded by Otto Schiff in 1933…”Other personal files of approximately 400000 Jewish refugees are still kept by the Jewish Refugees Committee.”
Jewish Social Service, 1940-1941
Jewish Social Service Association, Inc., 1934, 1938
Jewish Social Service Bureau (Los Angeles, Calif.), 1944
Jewish Social Service Bureau (St. Louis, Mo.), 1940
Jewish Welfare Fund (Chicago, Ill.), 1940
Jewish Welfare Fund (Nashville, Tenn.), 1939
Jewish Welfare Fund (Seattle, Wash.), 1941
Jewish Welfare Society (Philadelphia, Penn.), 1944
Jewish Welfare Society of Brooklyn, 1941
Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, 1943
…an organization dedicated to aiding Spanish refugees and lobbying the U.S. leadership on behalf of the deposed Republican government.
Edward K. Barsky (Chairman), internationally known surgeon, led the work of organizing the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee in 1942…Louis Miller and Jacob Auslander, both physicians; Richard Lyman Bradley, professor of Teutonic languages and department head at New York University; Charlotte Stern, and James Lustig, labor leaders; Ruth Leider and Harry Justiz, lawyers; Manuel Maganna, business man; Midge Chodorov, housewife; and Vincent Sheean, chairman…Barsky and the entire board of JAFRC were charged with contempt of Congress and convicted in June 1947 for refusing to turn over the group’s records…all given prison sentences of from three to six months, etc.
JOINT ANTI-FASCIST REFUGEE COMMITTEE
192 Lexington Avenue
New York 16, N.Y.
Joint Clearing Bureau, 1933-1934
Precursor (1933-34) to National Coordinating Committee; set up by Baron de Hirsch Fund, it appears; Cecilia Razovsky, secretary; “Miss Halm” negotiated with Murrow…
Joint Foreign Committee of the Board of Deputies of British Jews and the Anglo-Jewish Association, 1933-1934
Los Angeles Coordinating Committee for Aid to Jewish Refugees, 1937-1939Lutheran Refugee Service, 1941
Minnesota Joint Refugee Service, 1940
Musicians Committee for Refugees Coming from Germany, 1940
Musicians Emergency Aid Fund, 1934-1936
National Catholic Welfare Conference, 1934-1940
National Committee for Refugee Musicians, 1941-1944
National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians, 1940-1944
15 Park Row, New York. Ernst Philip Boas; “A Boston Brahmin, Dr. Putnam was the vice chairman of the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians..” Herbert Wilcox on board; “Tibor Frank emigrated to the U.S. through the International Rescue Committee as well as the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians in 1951″
(1939). Psychoanalytic Quarterly
THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR RESETTLEMENT OF FOREIGN PHYSICIANS, New York Division, announces through its Chairman of the Sub-Committee of Advisory Boards, Lawrence S. Kubie, M.D., that since April 1st, 1939, 85 physicians have become members of 20 boards of review in New York City. So far, 112 individuals have been referred for interviews. Most of the interviews were necessary to decide whether the organization should support these medical emigrés in a plan leading to their reëstablishment as physicians. On the whole, evaluations have been positive. In only eight cases have people been definitely advised that they are not qualified for the practice of medicine in this country. In seven other cases, claims to expertness in certain specialties have been found unwarranted. In six additional cases individuals have been given conflicting evaluations by two members of their board, and their problem is now being considered by the board’s chairman. The w…[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.] http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=PAQ.008.0406C
National Committee on Refugee Jewish Ministers, 1940
National Committee to Aid Victims of German Fascism (U.S.), 1934
Organized in 1933 by communist Workers International Relief…mentioned in The Red Network By Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling / http://books.google.com/books?id=w7MOv0bujK8C&pg=PA196&lpg=PA196&dq=%22National+Committee+to+Aid+Victims+of+German+Fascism%22&source=bl&ots=dVP5kqB4RB&sig=1F1VqfrvvywHsyeDkPm46V5EhC4&hl=en#v=onepage&q=%22National%20Committee%20to%20Aid%20Victims%20of%20German%20Fascism%22&f=false
National Conference of Jews and Christians (U.S.), 1933
National Co-ordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany, 1934-1939
NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR AID TO REFUGEES AND EMIGRANTS COMING FROM GERMANY
Org. 1934. OFFICE: 221 W. 57th, New York City.
PURPOSE: TO cope with problems affecting refugees and emigrants coming from Germany.
OFFICERS: Chairman, Joseph P. Chamberlain; Treas., Paul Felix Warburg; Sec. and Exec. Dir., Cecilia Razovsky, 221 W. 57th, New York City.
AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS: American-Christian Committee for German Refugees, American Friends Service Committee, American Jewish. Committee, American Jewish Congress, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Physicians, Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars, Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, German-Jewish Children’s Aid, Inc., Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society,, Independent Order of B’nai B’rith, International Migration Service, Musician’s Emergency Aid Bureau, National Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds, National Council of Jewish Women, Zionist Organization of America.
Lehman Brothers (as cited in their records): oasis.lib.harvard.edu/oasis/deliver/~bak00042 [Robert Lehman was the firm’s senior partner during this time…familial relations and associations w/ Warburg, Schiff, Kuhn, Loeb, Kahn, Shearson, Wolff, Lauer, Bauer / Rothschild etc., of course…]; Salo Baron involved w/ committee too.
National Council of Jewish Women, 1933, 1937-1944
Founded in 1893 by Hannah G. Solomon of Chicago / ‘1930s-40s: Rescues Jewish children from Germany and places them with American families through the German-Jewish Children’s Aid Society. Reunites thousands of displaced persons with family members through the Port and Dock Department. Opens group homes in Athens and Paris for single Jewish women who survived the Holocaust. etc.’
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN
Org. Sept. 1893. OFFICE 625 Madison Ave., New York City.
Fourteenth Triennial Convention, March 14-15,1935, New Orleans, La. Next Convention, 1938. Sections, 200. Junior Auxiliaries, 120.
PURPOSE: The National Council of Jewish Women stresses religion and Jewish education, peace, civics and social legislation, adult education and social service. It is particularly concerned with service to the foreign born and international service and maintains national and international affiliations to make this service more effective.
OFFICERS: (1935-1938) Pres., Mrs. Arthur Brin, 2566 Lake of Isles Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn.; First Vice-Pres., Mrs. Maurice L. Goldman, N. Y. C; Second Vice-Pres., Mrs. Joseph M. Welt, Detroit, Mich.; Third Vice-Pres., Mrs. Alexander Wolf, Washington, D. C; Treas., Mrs. Benj. Marvin, Hollis, L. I., N. Y.; Fin. Sec, Mrs. Herman B. Levine, West Englewood, N. J.; Rec. Sec, Mrs. Gerson B. Levi, Chicago, 111.; Chairman, Exec. Comm., Mrs. Maurice L. Goldman; Exec. Dir., Mrs. Marion M. Miller, N. Y. C. PUBLICATION : News Letter.National Desertion Bureau, New York, 1934
New England Christian Committee for Refugees, 1940
Notgemeinschaft Deutscher Wissenschafter im Ausland, 1933-1942
(Austrian-born) Dr. Phillip Schwartz (Pathology), founded in Switzerland “Notgemeinschaft deutscher Wissenschafter im Ausland / The Emergency Organization for German Scientists Abroad“…About 700-800 people (and many “scholars”) from Germany and Austria fled (or went) to Turkey, among them: architect Clemens HOLZMEISTER, architect Margarete SCHÜTTE-LIHOTZKY; Dobretsberger: Political Economy; Philip Gross: Chemical Technology; Hilde Geiringer: assistant at the Professors von Mises’ Institute for Mathematics; Franz Doppler: Technology; Alfred Schücking: Mechanical engineer; 2 other Schütte/Schütte-Lihotzkys: both Dipl. Ing./Academically-trained engineers; &c.
Oberlaender Trust, 1938-1944
NY Times / November 25, 1932, Friday
T.S. BAKER TO GIVE TALKS IN GERMANY; Carnegie Trust President Accepts Invitation of the Carl Schurz Foundation. TO EXPLAIN PUBLIC OPINION. He Will Be Second American to Go Abroad Under the Fund Set Up by Gustav Oberlaender.
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 24 — Dr. Thomas S. Baker, president of the Carnegie Institute of Technology, has accepted an invitation of the Oberlaender Trust of the Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation to spend January and February in Germany visiting and lecturing at some of the leading German universities. [ END OF FIRST PARAGRAPH ]
Philadelphia Refugee Resettlement Committee, 1944
* Physicians Committee of the National Refugee Service
Placement Committee for German and Austrian Musicians, 1939-1941
President’s Advisory Committee on Political Refugees, 1939-1940
Roosevelt called for the Evian Conference on Refugees and organized the President’s Advisory Committee on Political Refugees. (George L.) Warren was appointed the …”
Warren oral history from Truman Library http://www.trumanlibrary.org/oralhist/warrengl.htm ):
“…members of the committee, like Hamilton Fish Armstrong, James G. McDonald [chairman 1938-1945], Paul Baerwald, Basil Harris, Rabbi Stephen Wise, and Joseph P. Chamberlain / the president of John Hopkins University at that time, Isaiah Bowman. Roosevelt during that period had Isaiah Bowman exploring every uninhabited land where these people might be placed.”
Princeton Conference on Refugee Problems and Needs, 1941
The 1941 Princeton Conference on refugee problems and needs is a good case in point. During a three day conference prominent Christian and Jewish leaders of …refugee agencies sought ways to “mobilize leadership and cooperation on a very broad basis.””
books.google.com/books?id=wihxNTh1_agC&pg=RA3-PA354&lpg=RA3-PA354&dq=%22Princeton+Conference+on+Refugee+Problems+and+Needs%22&source=bl&ots=XJJ3LNtgeS&sig=OMTXwTLBX_xu2mCRymg7PAaks4E&hl=enRefugee Economic Corporation (New York, N.Y.), 1938-1943
Org. Nov. 20, 1934. OFFICE: 40 Exchange Place, New York City.
PURPOSE: TO promote and assist the economic reconstruction of emigres from Germany and other countries and to this end will undertake and assist in the financing and management of enterprises of a banking, credit, industrial, mercantile, agricultural or utility nature. The corporation will also promote colonization and land settlement of such emigres.
Officers: President – Felix Warburg / V-pres. – Charles J. Liebman / Treas. – Albert D. Lasker asst. – George W. Naumberg / Secretary – Bernard Flexner / asst. – Bruno Schachner; all of NYC.
…was originally called Refugee Rehabilitation Committee, which see below. The REC incorporated in 1934, and its ventures included the purchase of 45,000 acres of land in Costa Rica, at the instance of Samuel Zamurray, president of the United Fruit Company. This land had to be sold again after it was discovered that it was not suitable for settlement. REC also supported the International Student Service in Geneva and gave some small sums of money to HICEM for the transportation of refugees to Latin America.
Refugee Readjustment Corporation, Inc., 1941
Refugee Rehabilitation Committee, 1934
Founded by Felix Warburg in 1933, and later became the Refugee Economic Corporation, which see above etc.
Refugee Relief Trustees, Inc., 1943-1945
Rochester Coordinating Committee for Aid to German Refugees, 1939
Rochester Refugee Service, 1942
* Russian Student Fund (USA)
Saint Louis Committee for Service to Emigrants, 1940
San Francisco Committee for Service to Emigrés, 1939
San Francisco Welfare Fund, 1940
Selfhelp of Emigres from Central Europe, 1941
“…founded by Paul Tillich, Else and Hans Staudinger, Toni Stolper and …”
* Shomre Hadath (employment service for religious immigrants)
Society for the Protection of Science and Learning, 1935-1942 (see also: Academic Assistance Council
Spokane Coordinating Committee, 1939
* Texas Committee for Medical Refugees
Union for Refugees in France, 1941
* Unitarian Service Committee
During and after World War II, the Unitarian Service Committee aided hundreds of displaced persons in occupied countries, allowing many of them to find passage to the United States.
* United Jewish Appeal for Refugees
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, 1944
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was proposed to the United States Congress by president Franklin Delano Roosevelt on June 9, 1943 to provide relief to areas liberated from Axis powers after World War II. Roosevelt had already obtained the approval of the governments of the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and China, and sought to obtain the endorsement of 40 other governments to form the first “United Nations” organization.
UNRRA provided billions of US dollars of rehabilitation aid, and helped about 8 million refugees. It ceased operations in the DP camps of Europe in 1947, and in Asia in 1949, upon which it ceased to exist. Its functions were transferred to several UN agencies, including the International Refugee Organization.
Although the UNRRA was called a “United Nations” agency, it was established prior to the founding of the United Nations. The explanation for this is that the term “United Nations” was used at the time to refer to the Allies of World War II, having been originally coined for that purpose by Roosevelt in 1942.
Its first director-general was Herbert Lehman, former governor of New York. He was succeeded in March 1946 by Fiorello La Guardia, former mayor of New York City, who was in turn followed by Major General Lowell Ward Rooks in early 1947.
* United Palestine Appeal
Org. Jan. 1, 1936. OFFICE: 111 5th Ave. (Suite 703), New York City.
Conference, Feb. 2, 1936, Washington, D C.
PURPOSE: Raising of Funds by the Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod) of the Jewish Agency for Palestine; Including the Settlement of German Jews and the Children’s Aliyah (Immigration); Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth) Palestine Land Redemption Fund.
OFFICERS: Chairman, Stephen S. Wise; Co-Chairmen, Israel Goldstein, Maurice Levin, William M. Lewis, Louis Lipsky, Morris Rothenberg, Abba Hillel Silver; Hon. Chairmen, Cyrus Adler, Alfred M. Cohen, Herbert H. Lehman, Julian W. Mack, Henrietta Szold; Treas.,1 Nathan Straus; Assoc. Treas., Abr. L. Liebovitz, Louis Rimsky; Chairman Nat’l Council, Elihu D. Stone; Campaign Dir.; Robt. Silverman. WOMEN’S DIVISION: Chairman, Mrs. Wm. D. Sporborg; Hon. Chairman, Mrs. Rebekah Kohut.
* United Service for New Americans, Inc.
Virginia Coordinating Committee, 1940
* War Refugee Board
In direct response to the pressure applied by Irgun member Kook’s Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe, President Roosevelt established the War Refugee Board in January 1944. / The War Refugee Board was established by Executive Order 9417 on January 22, 1944, “in order to effectuate with all possible speed the rescue and relief of…victims of enemy oppression.” The Board was composed of the Secretaries of State, War and Treasury, and had a small staff in Washington, D.C. headed by an Executive Director. The first Executive Director was John W. Pehle, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury who served until January 27, 1945. He was succeeded by Brigadier General William O’Dwyer, who served until the dissolution of the Board. The Board worked closely with private relief agencies in the United States, the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Adminitration, and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Washington Conference on Refugees, 1941
World Union OSE, 1933-1934, 1939
Afred Einstein, Honorary President; Executive Committee of Union OSE: Abel Shaban, Chairman; Justin Godard, prominent French leader and president of the World Union OSE…
See http://www.tallarmeniantale.com/einstein.htm for letter from ‘honorary president’ A. Einstein to (the crypto jewish) Ataturk, ‘begging’ him “to apply to Your Excellency to allow fo[u]rty professors and doctors from Germany to continue their scientific and medical work in Turkey, etc.”
AMERICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE WORLD UNION FOR PRESERVING HEALTH OF JEWS—OSE
Org. May 10, 1929. OFFICE: 1919 Madison Ave., New York City.
American Branch of the International Organization OSE. Third Annual Convention, January, 1932, New York City. Members, 28.
PURPOSE: TO promote health, hygiene and sanitation among East European Jews.
OFFICERS: Chairman, Milton J. Rosenau; Vice-Chairman, Emanuel Libman; Sec.-Treas., J. J. Golub, 1919 Madison Ave., N. Y. C.
Zentralstelle für Jüdische Wirtschaftshilfe, 1933
“Central Committee for Jewish Economic Aid” (Zentralstelle für jüdische Wirtschaftshilfe) in Berlin…
Philanthropic Organizations, 1933-1945
Regarding organizations that funded the grants and fellowships of the Emergency Committee and otherwise provided aid for refugees.
American Philanthropic Foundation, 1937-1938
Carnegie Corporation of New York, 1933-1943
Carnegie Corporation of New York. British Dominion Fellowships, 1934-1935
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1934-1945
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, 1939-1941
Carnegie Research Fellowships, 1935-1936
Columbia Faculty Fellowship Fund, 1935
Diamond Jubilee Fund of King Solomon’s Lodge, 1938-1944
Elmhirst Fund, 1934-1935
John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, 1934-1944
Judge Baker Foundation, 1934
Julius Rosenwald Fund, 1939-1941, 1945
Kosciuszko Foundation, 1940-1942
Nathan Hofheimer Foundation, 1934-1938
National War Fund (U.S.), 1944
New York Foundation, 1933-1941
Rockefeller Foundation, 1933-1945
Russell Sage Foundation, 1934-1935, 1939-1943
Emergency Conferences to Save the Jewish People of Europe (1943 Jul, 1944 Aug)
Special Emergency Conference on Palestine of the American League for a Free
Palestine (1946 Feb)
Kerr, Lord Lothian
Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine (1946 Jan). James G. McDonald member
European Film Fund was set up in Hollywood in 1940.
European Student Relief Fund
The German-American Emergency Conference
The German-American Congress for Democracy
Council for a Democratic Germany,
Advisory Council for the Development Corp. for Israel, James G. McDonald 1951-1961
Research Foundation for Jewish Immigration: 25,000 Jewish and non-Jewish German-speaking emigrants from Central Europe, particularly Germany, Austria, and the
Sudetenland, during the Nazi era.
* World Jewish Congress
Founded in 1936 by Louis Lipsky, Rabbi Stephen Wise and Dr. Nahum Goldman
OFFICERS: Pres., Stephen S. Wise; Vice-Pres., Louis Lipsky; Chairman; Exec. Comm., Nathan D. Perlman; Treas., Jacob Leichtman.
* AMERICAN JEWISH JOINT AGRICULTURAL CORPORATION
Org. July, 1924. OFFICE: 7 Hanover, New York City.
PURPOSE: TO assist and give material aid to Jews to engage in agricultural pursuits and to settle upon the land in Russia, and to act as the operative agency in Russia of The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc., and of the American Society for Jewish Farm Settlements in Russia, Inc., and to render other constructive aid to Jews in Russia.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Pres., Joseph A. Rosen; Vice-Pres., E. A. Grower, and S. E. Lubarsky; Bernhard Kahn, D. J. Schweitzer.
AMERICAN TRUSTEES: Chairman, James N. Rosenberg; Vice-Chairman, James H. Becker; Treas., Paul Baerwald; Cyrus Adler; David A. Brown, Alexander Kahn, Herbert H. Lehman, James Marshall, Lessing J. Rosenwald, Lewis L. Strauss, Felix M. Warburg; Sec, Joseph C. Hyman, 7 Hanover, N. Y. C.
* AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR JEWISH FARM SETTLEMENTS IN RUSSIA, INC.
Org. Nov. 13, 1928. OFFICE: 7 Hanover, New York City.
Seventh Annual Meeting,,Oct. 15, 1935, New York City.
Operative Agency in Russia: American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (Agro-Joint). Dir., Joseph A. Rosen.
PURPOSE: TO encourage, aid, and facilitate the creation, development and increase of farm settlements among the Jews in Russia.
OFFICERS: Hon. Pres., Felix M. Warburg; Pres., James N. Rosenberg; Treas., Paul Baerwald; Assoc. Treas., Lewis L. Strauss; Sec, Joseph C. Hyman, 7 Hanover, N. Y. C.
* BARON DE HIRSCH FUND
Org. Feb. 9, 1891; Inc., 1891. OFFICE: 220 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Forty-fifth Annual Meeting, Jan. 26, 1936, New York City.
PURPOSE : Endowed by Baron and Baroness de Hirsch in sum of $3,800,000. Americanization and assimilation of Jewish immigrants, their instruction in trades and agriculture and promotion of agriculture among them.
ACTIVITIES: 1. Aid to agriculture through the Jewish Agricultural Society, N. Y. C. 2. Immigration aid port work through subsidized societies. 3. The town of Woodbine, N. J., which was founded by it in 1891.
OFFICERS: Pres., George W. Naumburg; Vice-Pres., Stanley M. Isaacs; Treas., Richard S. Goldman; Hon. Sec, Ralph F. Colin, 165 Broadway, N. Y. C.
* ZIONIST ORGANIZATION OF AMERICA
Org. 1897: Reorg. 1918. OFFICE: 111 Fifth Ave., New York City.
Thirty-ninth Annual Convention, July 5-7, 1936, Providence, R. I.
PURPOSE: TO stimulate interest in the rebuilding of Palestine as the
Jewish National Home, and to foster interest in the Jewish renaissance.
CONSTITUENT ORGANIZATIONS: Hadassah, Order Sons of Zion.
AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS: Young Judaea, Avukah, Junior Hadassah, Hasada, Youth Zionist Organization.
OFFICERS: Pres., Stephen S. Wise, N. Y. C; Vice-Pres., Max Schulman,
Chicago, 111., Abba Hillel Silver, Cleveland, O., Elihu D. Stone,
Boston, Mass., Nathan Straus, N. Y. C, Solomon Goldman, Chicago,
111., Joseph Kraemer, Newark, N. J., Israel Goldstein, N. Y. C, Win.
M. Lewis, Phila. Pa., Gustave Klausner, St. Louis, Mo.; Chairman
Adm. Comm., Morris Rothenberg, N. Y. C, Chairman Nat’l. Comm.,
A. J. Rongy, N. Y. C; Exec. Comm., Louis Lipsky, Abr. Goldberg,
Louis Rocker, Samuel Markewich, Edward I. Israel, Israel H. Levinthal;
Treas., Morris Weinberg, Bklyn. N. Y., Harry Feist, Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
PUBLICATION: The New Palestine.The case files themselves include papers and correspondence of organizations, which collaborated with the JDC, including: American Jewish Committee, American Jewish Congress, Canadian Jewish Congress, Comit‚ voor Joodsche Vluchtelingen, HIAS-HICEM, Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden, National Refugee Service, Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden, Selfhelp for German Refugees, and United Jewish Appeal. Amongst individuals whose correspondence is contained in the case files are Cyrus Adler, Ernst Behrendt, Albert Einstein, Joseph Hyman, Bernhard Kahn, Herbert Katzki, J. B. Lightman, Robert Pilpel, Cecilia Razovsky, and Jeanette Robbins.
: Jan 1, 1905 Dissolved: Dec 31, 1966
Subjects : Family Location Service, HIAS Ellis Island Bureau, Emigration and Immigration, Family, Adatto Family, Social Work, Assimilation
Organization Description: The National Desertion Bureau was organized in 1905 to provide assistance to Jewish families with marital and/or other family issues resulting from immigration. The organization primarily serviced immigrant women who had been deserted by their husbands. Later, the organization’s name was changed to Family Location Service. In 1966, the Family Location Service merged with the Jewish Family Service. http://jwa.org/archive/jsp/orgInfo.jsp?orgID=17